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Dec 26, 2003
FAQs on Canadian Citizenship
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How can I become a Canadian citizen?

To apply to become a Canadian citizen, you must:
be a permanent resident of Canada;
have lived in Canada for at least three of the past four years;
be aged 18 or over (to apply on your own);
complete an application form and mail it, along with the required documents, photographs and fee, to the Case Processing Centre (CPC) in Sydney, Nova Scotia; and
be tested on your knowledge and understanding of English or French, of Canada as a nation, and the rights and responsibilities of Canadian citizenship.
You will be notified by mail as to where and when to take the test.
If you pass the test, you will be invited to a citizenship ceremony, where you will take the Oath of Citizenship and receive a certificate of Canadian citizenship.

Is it necessary to learn English or French?

English and French are the two official languages of Canada. Canada's two official languages are an important part of the Canadian identity. You must learn one of these two languages to become a Canadian citizen.

Can I apply in person?

No. Applications for citizenship must be mailed to the Case Processing Centre (CPC) in Sydney, Nova Scotia.

How do children become citizens?

A parent who is already a citizen, or who is applying for citizenship, may apply on behalf of any children aged 17 or under. The following conditions apply:
the child must be a permanent resident of Canada but is not required to have been in Canada for three years;
an application for each child must be submitted with the appropriate documents, photographs and fee; and
children do not take the citizenship language and knowledge tests, but any child aged 14 or over must take the Oath of Citizenship.

How long does it take?

It takes eight months to a year to process an application, from the submission of the application form to the citizenship ceremony.

How do I get an application form?

Application guides and forms are available on the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) web site. In Canada, phone a CIC Call Centre to have an application mailed to you. Outside Canada, you may get forms from a Canadian high commission, embassy or consulate.
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