China, the world’s most populated country, is currently experiencing a building boom like sucking up the world’s supply of steel. It will soon set a new record of claiming the world’s first fully sustainable city for their innovative architectural feats.
Based on reports, China’s economy surge as its GDP is $1.93 trillion or 16.8% higher than it was previously measured. Its residential building grows 7.1% annually and nonresidential constructions activities are increasing by 7.4%.
Among the China’s innovative architectures boom are the Commune China, Beijing International Airport, Shanghai World Financial Center, National Swimming Center in Beijing, Central Chinese Television (CCTV), Linked Hybrid, Dongtan Eco City, Sports Stadium, Donghai Bridge in Shanghai/Yangshan Island and the National Grand Theater.
Commune was conceived by the real-estate developers couple, Zhang Xin and Pan Shiyi. It is now operating as a boutique hotel and the complex includes 12 houses being occupied by Asia’s leading architects.
Beijing International Airport, designed by Foster and Partners, is set to open at the end of 2007, which is timely for the opening of Olympics in 2008. The airport terminal will cover more than 1 million square meters, giving it a bigger footprint than the Pentagon and can accommodate of about 43 million passengers a year initially and by 2015, it can accommodate 55 million passengers which will probably make it enters to top 10 busiest airports.
Shanghai World Financial Center “tower among towers”, and the world’s highest outdoor observation deck, is a 101-story skyscraper and can hold the record world’s tallest tower when finished in 2008. The rectangular cut-out at the building apex serves as the defense of the building against wind and prevent it from swaying.
National Swimming Center nicknamed as “Water Cube” is being constructed for the 2008 Olympic Games. It is made from from panels of a lightweight form of Teflon that transforms the building into an energy-efficient greenhouse-like environment.
Central Chinese Television, design by Rem Koolhaas and Ole Scheeren and engineered by Ove Arup, and it is formed by two leaning towers each bent 90 degrees at the top and bottom to form a continuous loop.
Linked Hybrid is a residential architecture of 700 apartments which will house 2,500 people covering 1.6 million square feet. The site will features one of the world's largest geothermal cooling and heating systems, which will stabilize the temperature within the complex of eight buildings, all linked at the 20th floor by a "ring" of service establishments, like cafés and dry cleaners. The target year of completion is on 2008.
Dongtan Eco City is about the size of Manhattan, the city’s first phase is target to be completed by 2010 and by 2040 it will become the world’s first fully sustained cosmopolis and called as the home-sweet-sustanable-home of 50, 000 residents. And it was developed by Shanghai Industrial investment Corp. andsituated on an island located on the Yangtze River.
The new Olympic stadium called “the bird’s nest” by partners Herzog and de Mueron, will become the worlds largest green sports arena. It can accommodate 91, 000 seats and perhaps the largest “eco-friendly” sports arena ever made at present.
Donghai Bridge in Shanghai/Yangshan Island is a 20 mile and six lane bridge which was officially opened to the public on December 2005. The bridge was designed in an S-shape to provide safer driving route when typhoons hit the region. This will probably hold the title of world’s longest over-sea bridge and it costs $1.2 billion.
The National Grand Theater is located near Tiananmen Square is about to open on year 2008. It will staged of about 2, 416 seat opera, 2, 017 seat concert hall and 1, 040 seat theater. The semi-transparent skin of the theater will invite passersby to take a look at the performance inside one of the three auditorium of the National Grand Theater.
The roster of talents were hired to finished the boldest architectural and engineering. They planned to complete the projects in these two mega cities before the Olympic Games starts.
China will soon be the world’s home of airport and world’s highest observation deck. While Beijing and Shanghai, the country’s most populated cities, are still the center of county’s attraction, lesser known urban cities will also experiencing innovative changes.